TMJ / CMD

Diagnose and treat jaw joint pain, clicking jaw, teeth and jaw misalignments with functional jaw movement analysis

The term craniomandibular dysfunction derives from the Latin words cranio = skull, mandibula = lower jaw, dysfunktion = malfunction (abbreviation CMD). TMJ stands for Temporomandibular Joint.

The chewing apparatus consists of the teeth (periodontium), jaw musculature, jaw and mandibular joint as well as the corresponding nerve pathways.

The nerve and muscle pathways of the masticatory apparatus are directly connected to the muscles and nerves of the neck, the cervix and the spine. Is this equilibrium of the masticatory organ disturbed or lost, the whole musculoskeletal system of the body is affected and can cause various symptoms.

Misaligned teeth and jaw malposition can have far-reaching, harmful effects on your body.

As already mentioned the masticatory system consisting of jawbone, jaw joint, periodontium and teeth should be working together like a “clockwork” – harmonized movements without disturbances. An imbalance or an uneven bite can cause extensive dysfunctions in the body.

  • Muscular tension or   Functional jaw movement analysis or diagnostics can exactly determine which movement disorders are present and which corrective measures are required.
  • painful muscle inflammations of head-, neck- and back muscles.
  • Grinding of teeth
  • Snoring
  • Mandibular joint pain
  • Cracking and popping noises of the joint
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Earaches and ringing in the ears
  • Insomnia
  • Impaired balance
  • Metabolic changes of organs

Causes and triggers of misaligned teeth or jaw malposition

The fine-tuned masticatory system is closely interconnected with the nerve pathways. If a part of this regulatory circuit is disturbed, the rest of the system can be overstrained in the attempt to balance the disparities.

Following circumstances can trigger a dysfunction:

  • Missing of teeth
  • Dental fillings that are too high or to low
  • Crowns or bridges that do not exactly match the rest of the dentition
  • Poorly fitting dentures
  • Long-lasting dental treatments that overexpand the jaw joint
  • Accidents causing defects in the mouth, jaw and joint area.
  • Postural defects
  • Rheumatic diseases

Functional jaw movement analysis to assess teeth and/or jaw malposition – diagnosis and treatment

Functional jaw movement disorders and tensions can precisely be examined with a so-called face bow registration and/or computerized measurement system. We use the Zebris system, which is considered one of the best on the market.

During your first visit to our practice we will take an impression of your upper and lower jaw. According to these impressions the laboratory then can manufacture an individual para-occlusal bite fork for the Zebris device.


 As a first step a para-occlusal bite fork is being manufactured, which is necessary for further use of the Zebris device. 

As a first step a para-occlusal bite fork is being manufactured, which is necessary for further use of the Zebris device.
 

During your next visit to our dental practice the Zebris device is applied to your head and the measurements of the jaw registration itself are carried out.

The sensitive sensors of the face bow are interconnected with a specifically developed software. The measured values are transmitted to the system and calculated.

  The Zebris face bow is applied to the head. Sensitive sensors are transmitting the measured values to the computer.  

The Zebris face bow is applied to the head. Sensitive sensors are transmitting the measured values to the computer.


The evaluated data are showing problematical areas very clearly. With the help of the software the optimal position of the mandibular joint can then be determined.

The software which is connected to the Zebris JMA jaw measurement system very clearly shows areas of strain and mandibular imbalances. Based on the measurement results the optimum jaw position can be found.


Occlusal maxilla splint

The special software determines the optimal position of the mandibular joint. Based on these calculations a so-called bites plint is being produced for the patient. This bite splint is a diagnostic and therapeutic occlusal maxilla splint. It is manufactured individually by a certified dental-technical laboratory. Unlike other bite splints it's not just a protective splint but a functional-therapeutic splint that does not get bitten through after a short while like it is often the case with protective splints.

Carrying this functional-therapeutic splint at certain times helps to restore the harmonic and relaxed interplay of the mandibular joint and masticatory muscles. The relaxation of the neck and back musculature facilitates the movements and improves the sense of balance.

  

Using of functional jaw movement analysis in connection with dentures and prosthodontics

Functional jaw movement analysis can be of great benefit for the patient if it comes to dentures and prosthodontics.

With the help of the acquired data the dental technician receives valuable and detailed information about the mandibular position. This information helps greatly to manufacture dental crowns, bridges, implants and dental prostheses according to the (maybe already perfect) centric position of the mandibular jaw or can achieve a well balanced mandibular jaw position with the new dentition.

Therefore functional jaw movement analysis is not “just” a specialized dental professional discipline but a very essential, integral treatment modality which ensures the perfect position of dentures in relation to the optimal mandibular jaw position.

This presents a great and lasting relief for the patient as he experiences an alleviation of tension in the mandibular area. 
 

Advantages of functional jaw movement analysis in connection with a function-therapeutic splint (occlusal maxilla splint):

The treatment with a therapeutic splint has following advantages:

  • Joint disorders can be corrected
  • Blockades of the mandibular joint are removed
  • Less muscular tensions
  • Less inflammations
  • Reduced wear out of dental substance
  • Dysfunctional movements can be corrected
  • More energy
  • A more natural look due to relaxed facial muscles
  • A better and restorative sleep

Functional jaw movement analysis and functional-therapeutic splint (occlusal maxilla splint) for top athletes:

Top athletes can also benefit from the functional jaw movement analysis and the subsequent treatment with an occlusal maxilla splint: improved fitness level, improved balance as well as optimized coordination of movements. Many well-known professional athletes swear by the positive effects of splints that restore a centric mandibular jaw position. The rehabilitation of an optimal, centric and relaxed jaw position can greatly help to relax the athletes musculature, as the whole physiology and statics of the body are directly linked to the jaw. A displaced or tense mandibular jaw has negative effects on the whole body. By means of the state-of the art Zebris JMA (jaw movement analysis) measurement system we can provide athletes with more power, improved stamina, increased flexibility and mobility as well as more endurance and a better sense of balance.

The use of the functional jaw movement analysis in our dental practice Dental Planet fits seamlessly into the aims of an up-to-date and highly professional dental treatment.

 

Do you have any further questions? Contact us, we are happy to help.
You can call us on:  (+34) 96 671 72 36,  or send us an email.

Your English-speaking German dentist in Rojales, Spain - close to Alicante and Torrevieja